Regulations on the administration of quantitativel

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Regulations of European countries on the management of quantitatively packed goods

in recent years, Europe is the system that controls the operation of experimental machines. Some countries in Europe have formulated strict standards for the management of quantitatively packed goods, pay attention to the promotion and use of unified measurement technical specifications, and emphasize the self-discipline control and management of packaging by enterprises. It mainly includes the following contents:

first, formulate measurement technical regulations applicable to general quantitatively packaged goods

according to the actual situation of our country, some countries have stipulated measurement requirements for quantitatively packaged goods below 10kg/L (the international recommendation is 25kg/L), including packaged goods with constant and changing net content (for packaged goods with changing net content, it is required to mark the price of unit quantity), unpackaged bread and cakes, And packaged goods with net content marked by quantity

in order to prevent the identification of packaged goods from giving consumers an illusion, a series of nominal values of net content (such as butter: 125g, 250g, etc.) are specified for some packaged goods respectively. The manufacturer must add and label according to the specified nominal values, so that consumers can compare the quantity and price of packaged goods. It is not allowed to have labels like 123ml and 241ml, and it is not allowed to mark the range of quantitatively packaged goods. For example, 100g is marked on one side of the packaged goods, but 100-105 or 100 ± 5g is marked on the other side. Don't forget to calibrate and adjust the force measurement system of the tensile testing machine again

there are also clear provisions on excessive packaging and deceptive packaging, requiring that the design of packaging should not give people a false impression. In Germany, if more than 30% of the package volume is not filled with products, it is regarded as fraudulent packaging and will be severely punished

II. Actively promote the use of E-MARK and improve the reputation of enterprises

in order to further promote the free circulation of goods and the development of trade within the EU, the EU also promotes the use of E-MARK for quantitatively packaged goods. In the European Union, packaged goods marked with net content by quality and volume, if they meet the measurement requirements of the specified average value principle, can voluntarily apply for the use of E-MARK on their products, and accept the supervision and control of the government measurement department. When products are sold to other countries, they are generally not subject to repeated inspection

if the enterprise believes that it is unnecessary to use e-standard, the net content of its products must meet the measurement requirements of the minimum value principle, that is, the actual net content of a single packaged commodity must be greater than its nominal value, that is, it cannot have negative deviation. For enterprises, the actual loading volume needs to be greatly increased, so E-MARK is widely used in quantitative packaging enterprises in EU countries

if the packaged goods use E-MARK but fail to meet the measurement requirements of the average value principle, or do not use E-MARK but fail to meet the minimum value principle, it will be regarded as illegal and will be punished

III. emphasize self-discipline management of enterprises

at present, the main modes of net content management of quantitatively packaged goods in European countries are as follows:

(1) market supervision and inspection

(2) enterprise application + government monitoring on the packaging site + market supervision and inspection

(3) enterprise application + government monitoring at the packaging site + market supervision and inspection + inspection of enterprise capability

(4) enterprise application + government monitoring on the packaging site + market supervision and inspection + inspection of enterprise capability + confirmation of enterprise

market supervision and inspection: select quantitatively packed goods in the market for sampling to check whether they meet the requirements of measurement standards. The government's control on the packaging site: according to legal procedures, the government will solidly implement the industrial green development plan and the implementation plan of the green manufacturing system for the packaged goods or 10000 packaged goods produced in one hour at the packaging site (production line)

inspection of enterprise capability: check the traceability and calibration of added equipment, technology, approved measurement methods, control equipment and instruments, as well as the enterprise's own management system, measurement uncertainty, retention of relevant records, etc

confirm the enterprise: the enterprise is required to implement ISO9003 as a minimum (ISO9001 is required in the future). Documents describing the loading and control system shall be available; Documents approved by the government; Agree to use E-MARK on the package; There should be annual supervision over the management system; When the quality system changes, it should be re examined and evaluated

it is reported that Britain adopts the second management mode, Germany, France and other countries adopt the third management mode, and some countries in northern and Western Europe, such as Sweden, the Netherlands and other countries, adopt the fourth mode

different from the management of the United States, in Europe, due to the use of e-target, the government generally rarely inspects quantitatively packaged goods in the market, but it absolutely does not restrict the government's supervision of quantitatively packaged goods in the market. Government departments can carry out inspection in the market according to work needs or consumer complaints. If problems are found, they should go to the enterprise for further inspection; If the enterprise is not under the jurisdiction of the local government department, the local government department shall be informed of its inspection in the market, and the local government department shall inspect the enterprise

in Germany and other countries, enterprises should be randomly selected at least once a year. Enterprises should pay certain fees for the inspection and assessment of government departments. If the production samples are broken, the packaging of good products and the net content are unqualified, they should also be punished

source: China Packaging News

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